The Blood Stained Door

Last time, we blogged about Hyssop which was dipped in the lamb’s blood. This time, we start to present the blood stained door. There is a lot on this topic so this will be split into multiple parts.

The blood stained door is the most significant symbol of the original Passover. Entering the door is life, protection, provision, God’s love for us, and His amazing grace.

Exodus 12:22 (NKJV)
“And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. And none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning.


Notice the last line in verse 22. God in love gives rules, laws, and instructions for our benefit. Also, there is nearly always a type of “action” on our part. Let us start to notice “action” in scriptures and in our daily lives. As His redeemed children, we must learn to trust and obey.

Refrain from “Trust and Obey” by John H. Sammis, 1887:
Trust and obey, for there’s no other way
To be happy in Jesus, but to trust and obey.

In an earlier blog, Genesis: Adam & Eve, the Egyptian word pesh resemble the Hebrew word P•S•H? It means “to spread wings over.” God, the Almighty, is standing at the blood stain door sheltering and protecting His children from death of the firstborn.

When Egypt’s judgment was imminent, God commanded the sons of Israel to mark the doors of their homes with the blood from the Passover lambs. This blood was painted, with the stalk of hyssop on the doors. This set apart the houses of those who trusted and obeyed God from the houses of those who did not trust and obey God.

The Basin

Here is an excerpt from page 17 of Christ in the Passover by Cecil and Moishe Rosen:

The “basin” mentioned in Exodus 12: 22 is not like containers used today. It is taken from the Egyptian concept of “sap”, meaning the threshold or ditch which was dug just in front of the doorways of the houses to avoid flooding from the Nile River. The people placed a container in the ditch to prevent seepage.

The Israelites killed their Passover lambs right by the door, and the blood from the slaughter ran into the depression of the basin at the threshold.

When they spread the blood with the hyssop brush, they first touched the lintel (the top horizontal part of the door frame), then each side post (the vertical sides). In doing this, they went through the motions of making the sign of a bloody cross, the prophecy of another Passover sacrifices to come centuries later. Thus, the door was “sealed” on all four sides with the blood of the lamb, because the blood was already in the basin at the bottom.

Note: Some scholars say the blood forms 3 bloody crosses. Whatever it represented one or three crosses, God was protecting His children.

Nugget: Seven places where Jesus shed His blood:

  1. In the garden of Gethsemane (Luke 22:44).
  2. The whipping post.
  3.  The crown of thorns (Matthew 27:29).
  4.  Pierced hands (wrists).
  5.  Pierced feet.
  6.  Pierced side (John 19:34).
  7.  Our transgressions (Isaiah 53:5).

Note: The number 7 means completion.

Here, the Hebrews got their first exposure to what was to come with the Tabernacle. The priests would be sprinkling blood from bowls onto the Tabernacle furnishings. See the blog post The Priesthood, Offerings, and Sacrifices for more information.

Nugget: Blood above where the thorns pierced His (Jesus) brow, blood at the sides from His (Jesus) nail pierced hands; blood from His (Jesus) pierced side; blood below from His (Jesus) nailed pierced feet (Isaiah 53:5; Zechariah 12:10; Zechariah 13:6; John 19:34).

The Israelites went in through the blood-sealed door on that first Passover night and found safety. Protected and redeemed by the sacrificial blood, they went out the next morning to begin their journey toward the good pasture, the land of promise.

Strike the blood

The Hebrew word for “strike” is naga (נָגַע - nāg̱a`) [h5060]. This verb is meant to represent physical contact between one person to another person. The contact could be a simple touch, rubbing, or striking a person.

Notice, the blood was applied to the top post first. This represents the crown of thorns that was placed on Jesus’ head. Note, even minor scalp wounds tend to bleed profusely. Striking the blood on the side door posts represents driving the nails into Jesus’ hands.

So, unbenounced to the Hebrews, they went through a rehearsal of crucifying their Messiah 1,446 years before the actual event. Remember, Jesus died for our sin as well.


First, let’s examine a door’s structure.

The parts of a door frame:

  • Lintel: The piece that goes across on top and is also called the head Jamb.
  • Sill: Bottom piece on the floor which is also called the threshold.
  • Jambs: The left and right vertical door posts.

The doors of ancient houses were not hung on hinges like it is today. The hanging side of the door would have shafts extending above and below on that end of the door. The upper end of this shaft would fit into a socket in the lintel. The lower end fell into a socket in the threshold. These sockets were usually made of stone.

A “door” is an opening for entering or leaving a house, tent, or room. At least five Hebrew words and one Greek word are translated “door” in the English Bible.

The two most common Hebrew words have distinct usages, though they may be interchanged. Petach (פֶּתַחpeṯaḥ) [h6607], as in Genesis 18:1, refers to the doorway, to the actual opening itself. Delet (דָּלdāl; דֶּלֶתdeleṯ) [h1817], as in Proverbs 26:14, alludes to the door proper, usually made of wood sheeted with metal, though a slab of stone could be used.

The Greek word thura (θύραthúra) [g2374], as in Matthew 6:6, is used for both of the Hebrew words.

The Passover “Actions”

We must remember God is a God of order and He is a provider. Before we enter, let’s peek inside the door and see His instructions.

God’s instructions:

  1. Must share a lamb (Exodus 12:3–4).
  2. Eat a meal (Exodus 12:8).
  3. Do not leave any of the roasted lamb until morning (Exodus 12:10).

Nugget: The lamb is a picture-to-person of Jesus the Messiah. Jesus’ [the Holy One] body will not decay in the ground (Psalms 16:10; Acts 2:31; 13:35). The Passover lamb must be burnt and not decay in the ground.

Instructions in Exodus 12:11:

  1. Cloak tucked in your belt.
  2. Sandals on your feet.
  3. Staff in your hands.
  4. Eat in haste.
  5. Leave Egypt (Exodus 12:31–33).

Let’s examine the instructions. Remember, “actions.”

The Meal

God provided nourishment before the Hebrews left knowing they needed strength for the start of the journey. He even supplied shared food for the poor.

You can find out much about the Passover lamb in Passover: The Lamb.

The four cups of wine

The Seder table like the one Jesus shared the last supper has four different cups for the wine. The cups symbolize the four promises or blessings GOD gave Israel in Exodus 6:6–7.

The Promises:

  1. I will bring you out from under your burdens.
  2. I will rescue you from bondage.
  3. I will redeem you by My hand.
  4. I will take you as my people and be your God.

Each cup has a spiritual significance for us today.

Four spiritual meanings:

  1. Cup of Sanctification (hotzeti: הוֹצֵאתִי)
  2. Cup of Deliverance (hitzalti: הִצַּלְתִּי)
  3. Cup of Redemption (ga’alti: גָאַלְתִּי)
  4. Cup of Restoration (lakachti: לָקַחְתִּי)

First cup: Sanctification

Isaiah 1:18 (NKJV)
“Come now, and let us reason together,”
Says the LORD,
“Though your sins are like scarlet,
They shall be as white as snow;
Though they are red like crimson,
They shall be as wool.

This cup reminds us that through the blood of Jesus, our Passover Lamb, our sins have been washed away. We have been set apart from the world.

Second cup: Deliverance

Through the blood of Jesus, not only are we forgiven, but the Bible says:

Deuteronomy 21:22–23 (GW)
When a convicted person is put to death, never leave his dead body hung on a pole overnight. Be sure to bury him that same day, because anyone whose body is hung on a pole is cursed by God. The land that the LORD your God is giving you must never become unclean.
Galatians 3:13 (GW)
Christ paid the price to free us from the curse that God’s laws bring by becoming cursed instead of us. Scripture says, “Everyone who is hung on a tree is cursed.”

He died to break every curse off of our lives.

 Third cup: Redemption

1 Peter 1:18–19 (NLT)

18For you know that God paid a ransom to save you from the empty life you inherited from your ancestors. And the ransom he paid was not mere gold or silver. 19It was the precious blood of Christ, the sinless, spotless Lamb of God.

The word redeemed means “to be seen.”. Through the blood of Jesus we are “seen again” as children of the promise and the covenants of God.

Nugget: It was this third cup which Jesus was praying about in the Garden of Gethsemane.

 Fourth cup: Restoration

This is the final cup. Jesus stated:

Luke 22:18 (NLT)
For I will not drink wine again until the Kingdom of God has come."

Jesus is coming back for His bride and the wedding supper of the Lamb.

Nugget: John 2:1–12 mentions turning water into wine to be the first act of Jesus’ ministry. This was not ordinary water for drinking. Instead, it was used for ceremonial cleansing. Later on in His ministry, Jesus refers to wine as a representation of His blood. It is very interesting that at the very culmination of His purpose on Earth as a man, His blood (scarlet) turned into water (white) just like the scarlet thread which was placed on the scapegoat on the Day of Atonement.

Hmm, the very next act mentioned in John 2:13–22 is Jesus “cleansing” the Temple (the first time) by chasing out the vendors of sacrificial animals and money changers.


Men and women wore tunics made of linen or wool hanging from the neck to the knees or ankles. Loincloth or waist cloth (belt, cinculum militaire) were used to gird up the tunic for travel. It was also tucked in the belt for fighting so not to stumble. Both were for preparation. A cloak was an outer garment to be used as a night covering. Amazing safety and warmth!

Inner garment resembled a close-fitting shirt. Later, the inner garment extended to the wrist and ankles. A man wearing only an inner garment was said to be naked (1 Samuel 19:24; Isaiah 20:2–4).

The Hebrew word for tunic or coat is kethoneth or kuttoneth (כֻּתּׂנֶתkuttōneṯ) [h3801], as in Joseph’s coat in Genesis 37:31, means ”to cover” or “to hide”.


The sandals, naalah (נַעַל - na`al) [h5275], had a sole of wood fastened with straps of leather (thongs) and some wound around the ankles for support. Sandals were of tough leather. Some think the Hebrews constructed the soles of wood, cane, or palm bark, nailing them to the leather. Thongs secured the sandals across the insoles and between the toes. Archaeologists have found ancient sandals in great variety. The sandals were important for support during the wandering and in a solid support for defense.

More about sandals:

  1. Sandals play a role in the transference or taking possession of property (Psalms 60:8; 108:9). Here, David asserts his desire to possess Edom.
  2. The removal of sandals in marriage rites indicate a brother’s refusal to marry his widowed sister-in-law (Deuteronomy 25:9,10).
  3. In Ruth 4:1–12, the passing on of the sandal indicated Boaz was free to marry Ruth and become her kinsman redeemer.
  4. at the burning bush, God told Moses to remove his sandals because he was standing on holy ground (Exodus 3:5).
  5. John the Baptist stated he was not worthy to carry Jesus’ sandals. (Matthew 3:11)
  6. Joab stained his belt and sandals with innocent blood when he murdered two of King David's commanders (1 Kings 2:2-6).


Staff or rod is a straight slender stick cut from a tree.

A staff is used for:

  1. As walking sticks (Genesis 32:10).
  2. As defense (Psalm 23:4).
  3. For punishment (Exodus 21:20; Numbers 22:27; Proverbs 13:24; 1 Corinthians 4:21).
  4. For measurement (Revelation 11:1).
  5. Priestly (Numbers 17:1–10).
  6. Royal offices (Genesis 49:10; Judges 5:14; Jeremiah 48:17; Revelation 2:27).

Prepared to Leave

The Hebrews were told to leave Egypt. Remember, God knew the long hard journey ahead for His people to the promise land. He provided for His children’s exodus. The same God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob will provide for our needs when we follow Him.

As the Hebrews were prepared for the Exodus, we need to be ready for the return of our Messiah, Jesus!

In the next few posts, we will continue this presentation on doors by giving examples of doors in the Bible.

Until then,
שָׁלוֹם (Shalom!)